Quran, Noble Quran

Quran: [17:36] "You shall not accept any information, unless you verify it for yourself. I have given you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brain, and you are responsible for using them."

Quran: [49:12] "O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it...But fear Allah. For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful."

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The Engulfing Oath

Allah says,

{as for those who sell the faith they owe to Allah and their own solemn plighted word for a small price, they shall have no portion in the here after! Nor will Allah (Design to) speak to them or look at them on the Day of Judgement, nor will he clean them (of sin): they shall have a grievous chastisement.} (3: 77)

Al-Wahidi related, "The occasion of revelation of this verse was regarding two disputants who sought the Prophet to decide their case about a landed estate. At the time the defendant had been on the point of taking an oath1, Allah revealed this verse. At once, he turned away from swearing and admitted the claimant's right to the estate.

"Whosoever is ordered (by the ruler or the judge) to give an oath, and he takes a false oath in order to grab the property of a Muslim, he will incur Allah's Wrath when he meets Him on the Day of Resurrection.” Al-Ash 'ath said,

"By Allah, this verse was revealed in my connection. A dispute broke out between me and a Jew who had denied my right to the ownership of a piece of land. I reported him to Allah's apostle who said to me:

"Have you got an evidence (i.e. witness)? I replied, "No" He said to the Jewish man" swear in!" At this moment, I said, "0 Allah's Apostle! He, my opponent, will take the oath and consequently consume my property". For this Allah revealed, ''as for those who sell the faith…” Reported by AI-Bukhari and Muslim.

`Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud narrated the Prophet as saying, A person who swears falsely to take possession of Muslim's property unjustly, shall face the wrath of Allah on the Day of Judgement". 'Abdullah added, 'the

Prophet recited the following verse from the holy Qur'an in support of this statement.

{As for those who sell the faith ..........}

The Prophet said,

"A person who usurps the right of a Muslim, by swearing (falsely) will be condemned by Allah the Exalted to the hell and will be derived of Paradise. A man asked, "0 Messenger of Allah! Even if it may be a small thing?" he the Prophet -answered, "Even if it be the (smallest) twig of a bush- tree.” Reported by Muslim.

Abu Dhar narrated the Prophet say,

"There are three people whom Allah will not talk to on the Day of Judgement, look at, or exonerate, and there is a painful chastisement for them ". They failed and they lost who are these persons, Allah's apostle?

Upon this the Prophet remarked, "They are the draggers of lower garment, those who remind others of their favors, and the seller of goods by false oath.” Reported by Muslim.

The Prophet also said,

"The biggest sins are: to join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one's parents, to kill somebody unlawfully, and to take (a false) oath- “AI-Ghamus” Reported by AI-Bukhari.

Of the forbidden oaths is swearing by other than Allah, such as: the Prophet, the Ka'bah, the angels, heaven, water, life, honesty, souls, the sultan's life, or his favor, or by someone's grave.

The Prophet said,

"Lo! Allah forbids you to swear by your fathers, so whosoever has to take an oath, he should swear by Allah or keep silent.” Reported by AI-Bukhari.

He said too,

"Do not swear by idols, nor by your fathers.” Reported by Muslim

"Whosoever swears by his honour is not from amongst us.” Reported by Abu Dawud.

"Whosoever takes an oath that if he does such and such act, or he is wrong, he may go out of Islam, then if he should turn out to be a liar he will be as he said (swore) and if he is proved to have spoken the truth then he will not come back to Islam without a stigma.” Reported by Ibn Majah.

Ibn 'Umar heard a man swearing by K'abah. Thereupon he said to that man, "Do not swear by other than Allah for I have received the Prophet's words which concluded,

"Whosoever swears by other than Allah has indeed disbelieved in Allah and ascribed partners to Him.” Reported by At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud.

By "disbelieved and ascribed partners to Him." some interpreters assimilate it as referring to the misdeed of the sin.

The Prophet said,

"Hypocrisy stands for polytheism.” Reported by As-Sakhawi in AI-Maqasid AI-Hasanah

He also said,

"A person who takes an oath and swears (by error):" By Lat and "Uzzah", should at once affirm:" there is no god save Allah.” Reported by AI-Bukhari and Muslim.

Among the newly guided companions of the Prophet were some who spontaneously happened to use

Al-Lat and A1- Uzzah as oaths. To them the Prophet gave a commandment to declare:" There is no god but

Allah", as an expiation for what they have said.